Integrating Kana
Identify a User's Feature Entitlement

Sometimes your users may not be allowed to access a particular feature because they aren’t subscribed to a plan with that feature, or they have no further allowance of that feature remaining. You’re going to want to identify if they are allowed to use a feature in order to grant or block access.

This guide assumes that you have setup the client as we have in the Setup instructions, and have initialized this to the client variable.

Setup the call to Kana

We’re going to need to call Kana to identify if a user should have access to a certain feature. In order to do this, we’re going to create a class. You can then utilise this class throughout your product whenever you need to identify a user’s allowance of a particular feature.

Specify necessary attributes

You will need to ensure you have an id for the following Objects:

  • The User who is looking to use the feature.

  • The Feature which the user is looking to use.

Both theid for a User and a Feature are defined by you upon creation in Kana.

You will also need to specify that the Kana Client (as setup in Setup) should be passed in so that a call can be successfully made.

The following KanaFeatureEntitlement class specifies these as instance variables that are set upon initialization of the object:

class KanaFeatureEntitlement
  def initialize(client, feature_id, user_id)
    @client = client
    @feature_id = feature_id
    @user_id = user_id

Define the query and variables

We’re going to make a feature query operation to Kana in order to pull back details on the feature and Entitlement of a user to that feature.

In order to do so, we need to specify the query and the variables needed to successfully make that call. The user_id should map to userId and the feature_id should map toid.

You can add the following in the same initialize method:

sub_query = "query getFeatureEntitlement($id: String!, $userId: String!) {
  feature(id: $id) {
    entitlement(userId: $userId) {
      consumption {

sub_variables = {
  "userId": @user_id,
  "id": @feature_id

Fetch the response and set details

The call can then be made to Kana in order to fetch the response upon the class being initialized:

# Sends the GraphQL request to Kana
response = client.execute(query: sub_query, variables: sub_variables)

We can then grab the response details to set necessary instance variables immediately - such as the feature data and a user’s entitlement data:

  @feature = response['data']['feature']
  @entitlement = @feature['entitlement']

  if @entitlement['consumption'].present? # Dependant on 'activesupport' gem being installed
    @budget = @entitlement['consumption']['budget']
    @used = @entitlement['consumption']['used']
end #Closes the initialize method

Add methods to query feature usage and allowance

The KanaFeatureEntitlement class is now setup to be successfully instantiated and initialized - however, we still need to specify methods which will help you understand your users feature allowance.

These methods will use the data we have pulled from Kana, now set in the associated instance variables.

def can_use_feature?(amount = 1)
    if consumable?
      has_access? && amount_remaining >= amount

  def amount_remaining
    @budget - @used

  def binary?
    @feature['type'] == "BINARY"

  def consumable?
    @feature['type'] == "CONSUMABLE"

  def has_access?

  def budget

  def used
end #Closes class definition

Here’s more on each one below:

Method NameTypeDescription
can_use_feature?BooleanReturns if the user should be able to use the feature. Considers both access to the feature through plan subscription, plus the remaining amount of the feature that a user can use if the feature is consumable. Takes an integer argument of amount which specifies how much of the feature the user is trying to use. Defaults to 1 if none is provided.
amount_remainingIntegerReturns how much of the feature that the user has remaining before it’s been used.
binary?BooleanReturns if the feature is binary or not.
consumable?BooleanReturns if the feature is consumable or not.
has_access?BooleanReturns if the user has access to the feature or not through their subscription. Does not consider the amounts used or remaining.
budgetIntegerReturns how much of the feature a
usedIntegerReturns how much of the feature has already been used.

Not all of these methods may be pertinent to your use-case so feel free to remove those you don’t need to know. Likewise, feel free to add methods within the class which would be of benefit to you.

The class is now setup to use 🎉 Not all of this information returned by the methods may be pertinent to your use-case so feel free to remove those methods you don’t need. Likewise, feel free to add methods within the class which would be of benefit to you.

Make the call to Kana

You can now use this class in order to understand a users entitlement to a feature where it’s necessary to do so in your code.

Firstly, you’ll need to pull the user who’s going to be using the feature. We’ll assume this is available like so:

current_user = {
  "id": 124,
  "kana_id": "124",
  "name": "Test User",
  "email": ""

Then you can initialize the KanaFeatureEntitlement object which we setup earlier. You’ll need to provide the arguments we defined previously for the initialize method:

  • client: The client needed to make the API Call that you would have initialized previously (more in Setup).

  • feature_id: The id of the feature. You can grab this from Kana, or note it somewhere from when the feature was created in Kana.

  • user_id: The id of the user. This can be taken from the pulled user.

We’ll tie this to a variable named user_entitlement.

user_entitlement =, 'api-calls', current_user[:kana_id])

Once this is run, the call to Kana will have been made and we can use the methods we defined on user_entitlement to fetch the information we need.

Remember that you should be calling these methods before a feature is actually used or accessed as to check if you should be granting access to that feature.

Here’s all the potential methods (which we’re logging to the console in the example):

puts user_entitlement.can_use_feature? #true
puts user_entitlement.amount_remaining #1
puts user_entitlement.binary? #false
puts user_entitlement.consumable? #true
puts user_entitlement.has_access? #true
puts user_entitlement.budget #50
puts user_entitlement.used #49

Grant or block access to a feature

You are now able to verify if your user has entitlement to a feature and can therefore block access to this feature if they do not.

One way to do this is to raise and rescue an error. Our example below, for instance, raises a custom FeatureEntitlementError if user_entitlement.can_use_feature? returns false.

Note how the example below passes in an argument to the can_use_feature? method. This represents the amount of the feature which is to be used. If the feature has a type of BINARY, it’s not utilised. However, if it’s CONSUMABLE, then we will check this amount against the amount which the user has remaining of this feature on their plan. More on this method was shown earlier in Add methods to query feature usage and allowance.

# Custom error class definition
class FeatureEntitlementError < StandardError; end

# Raises error if no entitlement for user to use feature
raise FeatureEntitlementError unless user_entitlement.can_use_feature?(2)

# Example for a Rails controller whereby this error is rescued and returns JSON for error message
rescue_from FeatureEntitlementError, with: :no_feature_entitlement

private def no_feature_entitlement
  render json: { error: { message: "You cannot access or use this feature as you are either not subscribed to a plan or have no remaining allowance. Upgrade your package to gain access." }, status: :forbidden }

Congratulations 🎉 You’ve now successfully checked a users feature allowance and blocked them from using the feature if they should have no access.

Feel free to use the response you get back to store any returned fields of use to your records, log the call, or raise any errors if the call is not successful.